École Polytechnique is a French public institution of higher education and research in Palaiseau near Paris.
Polytechnique was established in 1794 by the mathematician Gaspard Monge during the French Revolution,and became a military academy under Napoleon I in 1804. Today, the institution still runs under the supervision of the French ministry of Defence. Initially located in the Latin Quarter of central Paris, the establishment main buildings was moved in 1976 to Palaiseau on the Saclay Plateau, southwest of Paris.
A small and very elitist university,Polytechnique has engaged in partnerships to improve its international renown. It is thus a founding member of ParisTech, a grouping of leading Paris-area engineering colleges established in 2007. In 2014 it became a founding member of the confederal “University of Paris in Saclay”. Among its alumni are three Nobel prize winners,one Fields Medalist,three Presidents of France and many CEOs of French and international companies. It is currently ranked as world’s third-best small university by Times Higher Education’s World University Ranking.
- Polytechnique is considered to be the most selective and prestigious of French
- Polytechnique is a founding member of Paris Tech
- Polytechnique is ranked among the best universities in the world